The Headquarters of the Spanish cultural heritage Institute, “Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural” by Spanish Architect Fernando Higueras, also know as “La Corona de Espinas”, ( The Crown of Thorns) is recognised as an original and interesting union of constructivist, rationalist and organic architecture.
Spanish Cultural Heritage Building technical information
- Architects : Fernando Higueras (1930-2008), Rafael Moneo (1937- ), Antonio Miró (1931-2011)
- Location : Calle del Greco, 4, Madrid, Spain
- Building Name : Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España
- Typology : Cultural Architecture / Heritage Building
- Material : Concrete Architecture
- Evocative Topics : Constructivist, Organic, Circular
- Project Year : 1960–1990
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– Fernando Higueras. He claimed to be anti-Le Corbusier & anti-Mies
Spanish Cultural Heritage Building Article
The project of the Headquarters of the Cultural Heritage of Spain was won in a competition by architects Fernando Higueras, Antonio and Rafael Moneo. The program, “An artistic Restoration Center” was organized in a circular building layout.
Construction started in 1967 by original architect Fernando Higueras and Antonio Miró Valverde. However, four months before the completion date, the project ran out of money and the building remained unfinished for years. It wasn’t until 1990 that the building was renovated. In 2001 they were named a Heritage Site of Cultural Interest.
Its form changed over the years. The original design was composed by a pyramid but the built design was the result of inverting the voids. The building’s form is a 40m radius circle divided into 30 sections and 56 frames. It has 4 storeys which have a big courtyard in the middle plus 5 inner courtyards with interior gardens.
Today it’s commonly referred to as the “crown of thorns” due to its imposing round shape topped with jutted spiked points.
Spanish Cultural Heritage Institute Building Plans
Spanish Cultural Heritage Institute Building Gallery
About Fernando Higueras
Fernando de Higueras Díaz (1930 – January 30, 2008) was a Spanish architect who graduated the Technical School of Architecture of Madrid in 1959. Higueras was also a musician, a painter and a photographer. He died in Madrid, aged 77 years.
Higueras architecture displays are a constructive adaptation to the natural and physical environment. He had an understanding of architecture from popular contemporary approaches. His spectacular but simple structural solutions, such as vaults, have influenced other architects.