Courtyards Houses of Cordoba

Courtyards Houses of Cordoba | © ArchEyes

Cordoba is famous for its courtyards, and once a year during the festival de “Los Patios Cordobeses,” private houses all over the city open up their courtyards to the public for two weeks where the competition for the Best Patio of the year is held.

Courtyards of Cordoba Technical Information

Due to the hot, dry Cordoban climate, the city’s inhabitants, – first the Romans and later the Moslems – adapted the typical design of the popular house to their needs, making the home centre around an inner courtyard (patio in Spanish).

Cordoba Courtyards Photographs
Greenery and white patios of Cordoba

Courtyards Houses of Cordoba | © ArchEyes

Vertical Gardens of Cordoba

Vertical Gardens | © ArchEyes

Vertical Gardens

Water and Courtyards | © ArchEyes

Courtyards Houses of Cordoba

Courtyards Houses of Cordoba | © ArchEyes

Narrow streets of Cordoba with vegetation and plants on walls

Streets of Cordoba | © ArchEyes

The Courtyards Houses of Cordoba 

Due to the hot, dry Cordoban climate, the city’s inhabitants, – first the Romans and later the Moslems – adopted the typical design of the famous house to their needs, making the home center around an inner courtyard (patio in Spanish), generally with a fountain in the middle and often a well to collect rainwater. The Moslems made further adjustments, giving the house an entrance from the street, which passed through a porch and filling the courtyard with plants to provide the sensation of freshness.

Every year in May, the city of Cordoba, Spain, celebrates its traditional Cordoba Patio Festival. In this festival, patio owners decorate their ornate iron grills and balconies with plants and flowers, mainly gitanillas (ivy geraniums), geraniums, and carnations. The Cordoba Patio Festival is an accurate representation of Andalusian folklore that manifests itself in its entire splendor in the early spring. Typically the patios are privately owned and unavailable for public viewing, but during the festival, their doors open up for all to see by their proud owners.

These patios have been constructed in Cordoba throughout the city’s history, going back to Roman times and their use of the atrium, and today we can find some patios that date back to the 10th century. During that time, Cordoba was the center of Al-Andalus, the Muslim caliphate in the Iberian Peninsula, and was its largest city with a half-million inhabitants—much more than the present population of 330,000 people. These exotic patios were built by Arabic architects, following in the architectural footsteps of the Romans, and with these patios, the concept of the oasis was exemplified; greenery and water, both essential for survival in the desert lands from which the Arabs originated, are represented. This feature also created a public space within the home, creating a type of private “street.”

Types of Courtyards in Cordoba

There are two types of courtyards.

  • The first type is in a one-family home in which the rooms are arranged around the courtyard – it usually has arches and either a clay tiled or decorative pebbled floor.
  • The second type is called a neighbors house (“Casa de Vecinos”). Here the individual homes look out onto the courtyard – however, these are much less common nowadays. It usually has two floors, and the patio is made all the more attractive by the long balconies, staircases, and baked clay roof tiles. The levels typically have decorative pebbles, and there is often a well instead of a fountain, as well as a communal washing room.
Courtyards of Cordoba Image Gallery

More info at patios.cordoba.es

Cite this article: "Vertical Gardens: The Courtyards Houses of Cordoba in Spain" in ArchEyes, May 13, 2016, https://archeyes.com/the-courtyards-of-cordoba/.