Team 10

Team 10 was a group of architects and urban planners who emerged in the 1950s as a splinter from the Congrès Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne (CIAM), the influential modernist architecture organization. Led by notable figures such as Alison and Peter Smithson, Aldo van Eyck, and Jacob Bakema, Team 10 sought to challenge the rigid, functionalist dogmas of modernist architecture, advocating instead for a more human-centric approach that considered social, cultural, and environmental factors. Their work laid the groundwork for various architectural movements of the late 20th century, including Brutalism and Structuralism, and their ideas continue to influence discussions on urban planning and architectural theory.