Brussels, the capital of Belgium, offers a rich and diverse architectural landscape that reflects its long and varied history. Its architectural fabric ranges from the well-preserved medieval structures in its historic center to grand squares like the Grand Place, renowned for its ornate guild houses from the Baroque period. The city is also home to various 18th and 19th-century Neoclassical structures, particularly in its public buildings. However, perhaps the most distinctive aspect of Brussels’ architecture is its leading role in the Art Nouveau movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with prominent architects such as Victor Horta pioneering innovative design and using new materials. This blend of architectural styles makes Brussels a city of significant cultural and historical interest.