Modernism is a cultural and intellectual movement that emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, characterized by a self-conscious break with the traditional ways of thinking and a search for new forms of expression and cultural practices. In architecture, Modernism refers to a style and approach to building design that emerged in the early 20th century, characterized by a focus on functionality, simplicity, and the use of new materials and technologies, such as concrete and steel. Modernist architecture rejected historical styles and ornate decoration in favor of clean lines, geometric shapes, and a focus on form following function. It had a profound impact on the development of architecture and remains a major influence on contemporary design.

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